Augusta is a town in southern Italy, located on the Eastern coast of Sicily, in the province of Syracuse. The city is one of the main harbours in Italy, especially for oil refineries (Exxon Mobil) which are in its vicinity. The town was founded by Emperor Frederick II. A notable site in Augusta is Castello Svevo (Swabian Castle) built by Frederick II. Augusta is also home to a Greek archeological site, Megara Hyblaea. The town suffered a major earthquake in 1693. During World War II, Augusta was invaded on July 13, 1943 by the Eighth Army of the Allied troops led by British General Montgomery.

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